Euler 

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Leonhard Euler born 15 April 1707 in Basel, Switzerland, died 18 September 1783 in St. Petersburg, Russia Leonhard discovered his talent for mathematics only when he went to the University of Basel to study for a minister. He found an opportunity to be introduced to a great and famous professor of mathematics Johann Bernoulli, who in turn told him to start reading more difficult books on mathematics on his own and to study them as diligently as he could. If he came across difficulty or something that he could not understand, professor Bernoulli told young Euler, he should visit him on Sunday afternoons for an explanation. This is what Euler did  and became more and more interested in the subject. Although in the meantime he completed his Master's degree in philosophy, he still had to persuade his father to change his vocation and continue to study mathematics. Euler became one of the most prolific mathematicians in the history of mathematics. Apart from many other things that he studied in the field of higher mathematics, he introduced notation that is known to every numerate person: the notation f(x) for functions (in 1734) and another irrational number: e , which is a base of natural logarithms.

See about irrational numbers here or get a worksheet on them by clicking on the picture below Euler died in Russia although he was born in Switzerland. Find more about the famous Russian academy by clicking here. Although we don't have a picture of Euler when he was a child, we have pictures of some other famous mathematicians when they were children. Find out more here. See some other famous mathematicians here, or even a page where some of them appear when they were kids. 

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